2017 has been the deadliest year on record in Mexico since the beginning of the War on Drugs. As we confront this grim reality, we must examine the role the United States has on such staggering violence. This book is a fantastic overview of US-Mexico relations over the last century or so, with a particular focus on the development of the international drug trade. The takeaway is crucial: These horrors often occur down south, but the mechanisms that lead to the violence are often situated north of the border.
The term "Mexican Drug War" misleads. It implies that the ongoing bloodbath, which has now killed well over 100,000 people, is an internal Mexican affair.
But this diverts attention from the U.S. role in creating and sustaining the carnage. It's not just that Americans buy drugs from, and sell weapons to, Mexico's murderous cartels. It's that ever since the U.S. prohibited the use and sale of drugs in the early 1900s, it has pressured Mexico into acting as its border enforcer--with increasingly deadly consequences.
Mexico was not a helpless victim. Powerful forces within the country profited hugely from supplying Americans with what their government forbade them. But the policies that spawned the drug war have proved disastrous for both countries.
Written by two award-winning authors, one American and the other Mexican, A Narco History
reviews the interlocking twentieth-century histories that produced this twenty-first century calamity, and proposes how to end it.