Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche was a German philosopher who lived from October 16, 1844 to August 25, 1900. Nietzsche views traditional morality as both erroneous and destructive. He is critical of earlier philosophers for basing their philosophies on faith in religion, rather than on critical analysis. According to Nietzsche, a good man and an evil man are not opposites. Rather, they both express the same impulses. The evil man merely expresses them in a more direct manner.