The turning-points in his career are the Neue Gedichte ("New Poems") of 1907–8, together with the journal-novel of the same period, Die Aufzeichnungen des Malte Laurids Brigge (1910); and Duineser Elegeien and Die Soneete an Orpheus of 1922. His final interest was Paul Valéry whose poems, Charmes, he translated in 1925 and imitated in his own Poèmes français.
Michael Hulse was born in Stoke-on-Trent in 1955 and studied at the University of St Andrews. Since 1977 he has taught at the Universities of Erlangen, Eichstätt and Cologne in West Germany, and has spent periods working as a freelance writer. His most recent translations include Prison Journal by Luise Rinser (Penguin 1988) and Paris Diaries by Ernst Jünger. He has also published several collections of poems: Monochrome Blood, Dole Queue, Knowing and Forgetting, and Propaganda and has won numerous awards.